[15] In June 2020, the Philippine government reversed this decision and announced the continuation of the agreement. [16] While we have heard a series of threats from Duterte since taking office, the resignation of the Duterte administration over the VFA poses the greatest real threat to the Philippine Alliance since the president took office. Although the clock has begun within the 180-day period, steps still need to be taken to complete this stage and, given that the broader alliance itself remains, both sides can renegotiate the terms of a new lower VFA-type agreement. Nevertheless, it is worth contextualizing for oneself the potential importance of the move if it actually happens. President Obama in 2014 and Duterte`s predecessor Benigno Aquino Jr. signed U.S.-Philippines Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) allows for an increased U.S. rotating presence. Armed forces, ships and aircraft in the Philippines and greater U.S. access to Philippine military bases. The agreement helped achieve an important strategic goal for the Defense Ministry, which attempted to expand the U.S. presence beyond major bases in Japan and South Korea. It would be difficult to continue its implementation without the VFA. VFAs must determine the conditions under which the foreign army can operate.

Typically, a VFA primarily deals with legal issues related to military persons and property. This may include issues such as entry and exit into the country, tax obligations, postal services or the conditions of employment of nationals of the host country, but the most controversial issues are civil and criminal justice regarding visiting officers.